Some important Computer Acronyms

Submitted by Karthik on

Computer Abbreviations



ADSL - Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line
AGP - Accelerated Graphics Port
ALI - Acer Labs, Incorporated
ALU - Arithmetic Logic Unit
AMD - Advanced Micro Devices
APC - American Power Conversion
ASCII - American Standard Code for Information Interchange
ASIC - Application Specific Integrated Circuit
ASPI - Advanced SCSI Programming Interface
ASP – Active Server Pages
AT - Advanced Technology
ATI - ATI Technologies Inc.
ATX - Advanced Technology Extended



BASIC  - Beginner's All-Purpose Symbolic Instruction Code
BFG - BFG Technologies
BIOS - Basic Input Output System
BNC - Barrel Nut Connector
BCC:      Blind Carbon Copy
BCD       Binary Coded Decimal
BCPL      Basic Computer Programming Language
BIT       Binary Digit



CAS - Column Address Signal
CAD       Computer Aided Design
CDR       Call Detail Record + Call Detail Recording
CDMA      Code Division Multiple Access
CD - Compact Disk
CDR - Compact Disk Recorder
CDRW - Compact Disk Re-Writer
CD-ROM - Compact Disk - Read Only Memory
CFM - Cubic Feet per Minute
CGI       Common Gateway Interface + Computer Generated Images +
               Computer Graphics Interface

CMOS - Complementary Metal Oxide Semiconductor
CPU - Central Processing Unit
CTX - CTX Technology Corporation (Commited to Excellence)
COM1      (Communication) First serial Port (asynchronous port)
COM2      Second serial Port
COM3      Third serial Port
COM4      Fourth serial Port
CPI       Characters Per Inch + Clock Per Instruction
              Common Programming Interface [IBM]
CUI       Character-Oriented User Interface



DDR - Double Data Rate
DDR-SDRAM - Double Data Rate - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
DFI - DFI Inc. (Design for Innovation)
DIMM - Dual Inline Memory Module
DRAM - Dynamic Random Access Memory
DPI - Dots Per Inch
DVD - Digital Versatile Disc
DVD-RAM - Digital Versatile Disk - Random Access Memory
DIMM      Dual-Inline Memory Module


ECC - Error Correction Code
ECS - Elitegroup Computer Systems
EDO - Extended Data Out
EEPROM - Electrically Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EPROM - Erasable Programmable Read-Only Memory
EVGA - EVGA Corporation
ECD       Enhanced Color Display
EMS       Electronic Mail System + Electronic Message Service +
ENIAC   * Electronic Numerical Integrator Analyzer and
                  Computer (First fully electronic digital computer)




FC-PGA - Flip Chip Pin Grid Array
FDC - Floppy Disk Controller
FDD - Floppy Disk Drive
FPS - Frame Per Second
FPU - Floating Point Unit
FSAA - Full Screen Anti-Aliasing
FS - For Sale
FSB - Front Side Bus
FTP – File Transfer Protocol
FORTRAN   Formula Translator (Programming Language)



GB - Gigabytes
GBps - Gigabytes per second or Gigabits per second
GDI - Graphical Device Interface
GHz - GigaHertz


HDD - Hard Disk Drive
HIS - Hightech Information System Limited
HP - Hewlett-Packard Development Company
HSF - Heatsink-Fan
HTTP – Hyper Text Transfer Protocol



IBM - International Business Machines Corporation
IC - Integrated Circuit
IDE - Integrated Drive Electronics
IFS- Item for SaleIIS -
IRQ - Interrupt Request
ISA - Industry Standard Architecture
ISO - International Standards Organization
I-WAY     Information Highway
ISP       Internet Service Provider [Internet]
IP  - Internet Protocol
ISDN      Integrated Services Digital Network


JBL - JBL (Jame B. Lansing) Speakers
JVC - JVC Company of America
JDBC      Java Database Connectivity
JDK       Java Development Kit



Kbps - Kilobits Per Second
KBps - KiloBytes per second
KHz       Kilohertz
KPI       Kernal Programming Interface



LG - LG Electronics
LAN - Local Are Network
LCD - Liquid Crystal Display
LDT - Lightning Data Transport
LED - Light Emitting Diode



MAC - Media Access Control
MB - MotherBoard or Megabyte
MBps - Megabytes Per Second
Mbps - Megabits Per Second or Megabits Per Second
MHz - MegaHertz
MIPS - Million Instructions Per Second
MMX - Multi-Media Extensions
MSI - Micro Star International


NAS - Network Attached Storage
NAT - Network Address Translation
NEC - NEC Corporation
NIC - Network Interface Card
NTFS      New Technology File System [Microsoft]



OC - Overclock (Over Clock)
OCZ - OCZ Technology
OEM - Original Equipment Manufacturer
OS        Operating System
ORACLE    On-Line Inquiry and Report Generator (UNIX DB program)
OOPS      Object Oriented Programming and Systems



PC - Personal Computer
PCB - Printed Circuit Board
PCI - Peripheral Component Interconnect
PDA - Personal Digital Assistant
PCMCIA - Peripheral Component Microchannel Interconnect Architecture
PGA - Professional Graphics Array
PLD - Programmable Logic Device
PM - Private Message / Private Messaging
PnP - Plug 'n Play
PNY - PNY Technology
POST - Power On Self Test
PPPoA - Point-to-Point Protocol over ATM
PPPoE - Point-to-Point Protocol over Ethernet
PQI - PQI Corporation
PSU - Power Supply Unit


RAID - Redundant Array of Inexpensive Disks
RAM - Random Access Memory
RAMDAC - Random Access Memory Digital Analog Convertor
RDRAM - Rambus Dynamic Random Access Memory
ROM - Read Only Memory
RPM - Revolutions Per Minute


SASID - Self-scanned Amorphous Silicon Integrated Display
SCA - SCSI Configured Automatically
SCSI - Small Computer System Interface
SDRAM - Synchronous Dynamic Random Access Memory
SECC - Single Edge Contact Connector
SODIMM - Small Outline Dual Inline Memory Module
SPARC - Scalable Processor ArChitecture
SOHO - Small Office Home Office
SRAM - Static Random Access Memory
SSE - Streaming SIMD Extensions
SVGA - Super Video Graphics Array
S/PDIF - Sony/Philips Digital Interface
SIMM      Single In-line Memory Module



TB - Terabytes
TBps - Terabytes per second
Tbps - Terabits per second
TDK - TDK Electronics
TEC - Thermoelectric Cooler
TPC - TipidPC
TWAIN - Technology Without An Important Name
TDMA      Time Division Multiple Access



UART - Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter
USB - Universal Serial Bus
UTP - Unshieled Twisted Pair
UV        Ultraviolet
UNIX      (AT&T Bell Laboratories Operating System)


VCD - Video CD
VPN - Virtual Private Network


YAHOO     Yet Another Hierarchically Officious Oracle [Internet]


WAN - Wide Area Network
WTB - Want to Buy
WYSIWYG - What You See Is What You Get
W3C       World Wide Web Consortium
WAIS      Wide Area Information Server
WINSOCK   Windows Open Systems Architecture [Microsoft] +  Windows Sockets
WWW       World-Wide Web [Internet]



XGA - Extended Graphics Array
XFX - XFX Graphics, a Division of Pine
XMS - Extended Memory Specification
XT - Extended Technology